聚創考研網官方聯系電話
聚創考研網 > 備考指導 > 考研公共課 > 考研英語 > 正文

2020考研英語:《經濟學人》中英讀譯Day189

作者:聚創考研網-賴老師 點擊量: 60 發布時間: 2019-11-13 09:10 【微信號:掃碼加咨詢】


英語閱讀能力依靠什么?必然是詞匯的積累,但,僅僅是詞匯的積累是不夠了,更應該了解英語句式,不同句型所表達意義。如何培養自己的閱讀語感呢?那么就跟著聚創考研信息網小編每天學一點英語,一起為考研筑起堅實的地基。閱讀是需要積累的,就像我們需要經常和人溝通才會促進我們的表達能力一樣~小伙伴跟著小編一起,每天堅持打卡,培養英語閱讀能力及語感,了解文章一些經典詞匯的用法。 

藝術史:達·芬奇和我們(3)


Paradoxically, the most direct applications of da Vinci's researches outside art are to be found within his art. His understanding of physics, botany and geology vastly enhanced his painting. His study of light enabled him to develop sfumato, the technique that gives the outlines of his subjects their naturally undefined quality. “And if he hadn't studied anatomy, he wouldn't have been able to paint the most enigmatic smile in the history of painting,” says Fiorenzo Galli, the director-general of the Museo Nazionale Scienza e Tecnologia Leonardo da Vinci in Milan.

譯文

矛盾的是,達·芬奇在藝術之外的研究最直接的應用是在他的藝術中發現的。他對物理學、植物學和地質學的理解大大提高了他的繪畫水平。基于對光的研究他發展了渲染層次,這一技術賦予其畫作自然而又與眾不同的品質。“如果他沒學過解剖學,他就他不可能畫出繪畫史上最神秘的微笑,”米蘭達·芬奇科技博物館館長菲奧倫佐·加利表示。


The “Mona Lisa” has become the world's best-known painting. Da Vinci's “Vitruvian Man” is the world's best-known drawing. Does that make him the greatest artist in the Western tradition? Even Professor Kemp, who has spent a lifetime studying da Vinci's achievements, hesitates to go that far, stressing instead the Tuscan master's huge influence on other painters.“If you were looking for someone who did as much to divert the stream of art, then you would have to keep searching until you came to Picasso,” he says. Da Vinci revolutionised Madonna and Child compositions, and altered the portrayal of narrative subjects and the way portraits were composed. Jonathan Nelson, who teaches art history at Syracuse University in Florence, notes that he was also the first artist to give women realistic bodies “with anatomically identifiable musculatures, but looking soft and feminine”.

譯文

《蒙娜麗莎》已成為世界上最著名的畫作。達·芬奇作品《維特魯威人》是世界上最著名的素描。這是否使他成為西方歷史上最偉大的藝術家?即使是他花了一生的時間研究達·芬奇成就的坎普教授,也不愿說得太滿,反而強調這位托斯卡納大師對其他畫家的巨大影響。“如果你要找的是一個同樣能改變藝術潮流的人,那么你就得繼續尋找直到找到畢加索,”坎普教授如此表示。達·芬奇徹底改變了《圣母子》的構圖,改變了敘事題材的刻畫和肖像的構圖方式。在佛羅倫薩雪城大學教授藝術史的喬納森?納爾遜指出,他也是第一個賦予女性逼真身體的藝術家,“具有解剖學上可辨認的肌肉特征,但看上去柔軟而女性化”。


The notion that da Vinci stands alongside Michelangelo and Raphael at the very pinnacle of artistic achievement is nonetheless relatively modern. Until well into the 19th century, he was seen as a genius, but on a level below the others. As Donald Sassoon, a British historian, has recounted in his book, “Becoming Mona Lisa”, published in 2001, it was anti-clerical French historians who initiated the “cult of Leonardo”, seeing in him an ally in the fight against religious obscurantism: “He was not afraid to dissect corpses; he did not paint halos on his religious figures…Unlike Raphael and Michelangelo, he was never the servant of popes. He put Man at the centre of creation.”

譯文

盡管如此,“達·芬奇與米開朗基羅和拉斐爾一樣站在藝術成就之巔”這種觀點還是相對現代的。19世紀之前,他一直被認為是天才,但水平在米開朗基羅和拉斐爾之下。正如英國歷史學家唐納德?沙遜在2001年出版的《成為蒙娜麗莎》一書中所述,正是反宗教的法國歷史學家發起了“達·芬奇崇拜”,認為他是反對宗教蒙昧主義的盟友:“他不畏懼解剖尸體;他沒有為宗教人物畫光環……與拉斐爾和米開朗基羅不同,他從來不是教皇的仆人。他把人放在創造的中心。”


Those and other factors have endeared him to a wider, contemporary public. Da Vinci abhorred the slaughter of animals and was probably a vegetarian. He satisfies the modern requirement for artists to be outsiders with an eccentric streak. And his creative record chimes perfectly with the spirit of an age that tolerates, even venerates, unfinished work—all the more so if it is cryptic. Surveying the events this year to celebrate da Vinci's genius, Professor Nelson says “I think these shows tell us more about us than about him.”

譯文

上述等因素使達·芬奇受到更廣泛的當代公眾的喜愛。達·芬奇憎惡屠殺動物,他可能是一個素食主義者。他以一種古怪的氣質滿足了現代藝術家作為局外人的要求。他的創作記錄與這個時代的精神完美契合。這個時代容忍,甚至崇敬未完成的作品,如果作品是神秘的,那就更是如此。納爾遜教授在調查了今年為慶祝達·芬奇的天才而舉辦的活動后表示:“我認為這些展覽向我們展示的更多的是我們自己,而不是達·芬奇本人。”


注釋

1.endears someone to someone 使受歡迎,使人喜愛

Their taste for gambling has endeared them to Las Vegas casino owners.

他們對賭博的愛好使其受到了拉斯韋加斯賭場老板們的歡迎。


2.abhor something 憎惡

He was a man who abhorred violence and was deeply committed to reconciliation.

他是一個憎惡暴力并極其致力于和解的人。



英語作文不會寫?

想要短期內迅速提高寫作能力?

徐俊湳老師開班!

2020考研英語作文點睛班(適用英語一、二)

直播授課+專屬作文模板

22+的作文高分不是夢!

限量優惠 只要99!

點擊下圖試聽



推薦閱讀:

1、【匯總】2020考研英語閱讀題庫

2、考研英語基礎差,要用什么參考書?陳正康詞匯書好用嗎?


以上是聚創考研網為考生整理的"2020考研英語:《經濟學人》中英讀譯Day189"的相關考研信息,希望對大家考研備考有所幫助! 備考過程中如有疑問,也可以添加老師微信jykyw2019進行咨詢。

分享:
課程系列 班次名稱 價格 免費試聽
考研政治網課 2020考研政治全程班 ¥499.0 免費試聽
2020考研政治協議班 ¥1,080.0 免費試聽
考研英語網課 2020考研英語全程班 ¥499.0 免費試聽
2020考研英語協議班 ¥2,580.0 免費試聽
考研數學網課 2020考研數學零基礎 ¥699.0 免費試聽
2020考研數學全程班 ¥499.0 免費試聽
2020考研數學協議班 ¥2,980.0 免費試聽
大學四六級 2018年四級通關班 ¥99.0 免費試聽
2018年六級通關班 ¥99.0 免費試聽
考研專業碩士 2020考研管聯全程班 ¥499.0 免費試聽
2020考研管理類聯考協議班 ¥2,280.0 免費試聽
2020考研396經濟類聯考全程班 ¥499.0 免費試聽
2020考研法律碩士(非法學)全程班 ¥599.0 免費試聽
學習QQ群
MORE
瀏覽過該網頁的還看了 MORE
聚創考研網校微信 聚創考研網校微信
官方澳洲10开奖结果 科创板股票涨跌幅 a股有什么好股票推荐 广西11选五现在走势图 2020年辽宁35选7 过往股市指数查询 七乐彩选号10种方法 山东11选5推荐任三预测 融资买入股票很好佳永配资(融资买入股票) 天津时时彩官网开奖网址 福彩36选7中奖规则 在线咨询股票 一分赛车开奖号码 甘肃快3一定牛 山西11选5走势图手机版 手机在线基金理财平台 陕西十一选五任选基本走势图